The Paris Agreement of 2015 serves as a guideline for the energy transition, targeting on CO2 reduction and implementing renewable energy sources. The energy transition currently focusses on replacing fossil-based sources by renewable sources for electricity, heating/cooling and transportation fuels. However, renewable energy generation (wind, solar PV, solar heat, carbon-free fuels, geothermal, hydro, tidal,…) requires much more space than fossil-based energy generation (coal, oil and gas). Nuclear is an exception to this rule but suffers from societal objections. Therefore, spatial integration will increasingly become an issue, especially for densely populated countries where each hectare can have multiple destinations: housing, agriculture, nature, transport infrastructure, climate adaptation, landscape, etc. As such the energy transition will spatially compete with other functions/sectors. The Netherlands is such a densely populated country: 17.5 million inhabitants on 4 million hectares. To meet the Paris targets the Dutch government adapted the current institutional design for spatial governance, the National Environmental Vision (NOVI).

In this webinar we will discuss the spatial impact of the energy transition based on recent studies carried out in the Netherlands. These studies indicate that renewable energy provision has a substantial spatial impact which requires difficult choices to be made that will have a serious effect on society at large.


  • The spatial impact of the energy transition based on recent studies;
  • The difficult choices to be made especially for densely populated countries.

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The experts

Lecturer Biogas

Leon Stille

Leon Stille, General Manager EDI, has a background in Earth Sciences (BSc) and renewable energy technology (MSc) from the University of Utrecht. From the start of his career he has focused on conventional and renewable energy technology development and education. He has held commercial roles in several energy companies such as the Dutch gas grid operator Alliander and international oil & gas company Frames. Furthermore, he worked for Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research (TNO) as business development manager dedicated to enabling and accelerating the energy transition. Leon holds two patents, is key lecturer renewable gas, expert speaker on energy transition topics and moderator of an energy series webinar.

Lecturer European Energy Markets & Hydrogen

Theo Fens

Dr. Theo Fens is an independent consultant, associated partner at Deloitte Consultancy and associate partner at the Global Gas Netherlands Initiative. Since 2002 he has been senior research fellow at Technical University of Delft, Faculty Technology, Policy and Management. He specialises in strategic consultancy in the energy and utilities sector.